##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

A competent graduate is innovative and successful at getting and retaining a job in today’s workplace. Agribusiness industries and organizations are demanding competent graduates mostly youth whose years of experience are close to none and their perfection at industrial production and work floor to some were a mere two-month internship. Universities and other tertiary institutions prepare their students for three to four years by working closely with lecturers and employers. Fruitful collaborations are the only ways how to train competent graduates. Universities can longer work as towers of knowledge offering theoretical lectures away from industries. Competence Based Education (CBE) has gained traction in universities and is the future of education. A review of job descriptions reveals that relevant training programs need to have skills, knowledge, and strategies for attitude change embedded in curricula designed toward delivering a competent graduate.

References

  1. Aboko, A., & Obeng, F. K. (2015). Students perspective on the competency based training Programme in Tamale Polytechnic, Ghana. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management United Kingdom, 3(3), 1. https://1library.net/document/zxlv7xnz-students-perspective-competency-based-training-programme-tamale-polytechnic.html?utm_source=related_list
     Google Scholar
  2. Armoogum, N. Y., Ramasawmy, B., & Driver, B. M. F. (2016). The need to enhance the employability competences (knowledge, skills, autonomy, and attitudes) of undergraduates in Agriculture. Evidence from students’ perceptions and employers’ expectations. Tuning Journal for Higher Education, 4(1), 169.
     Google Scholar
  3. Behr, A. L. (1988). Exploring the lecture method: An empirical study. Studies in Higher Education, 13(2), 189-200.
     Google Scholar
  4. Chappell, C., Gonczi, A., & Hager, P. (2020). Competency-based education. In Understanding adult education and training (pp. 191-205). Routledge.
     Google Scholar
  5. Cheng, P. Y., Hsu, P. K., & Chiou, W. B. (2012). Undergraduates’ intentions to take examinations for professional certification: examinations of four competing models. Asia Pacific Education Review, 13(4), 691-700.
     Google Scholar
  6. de Lauwere, C., Malak-Rawlikowska, A., Stalgiene, A., Klopcic, M., & Kuipers, A. (2018). Entrepreneurship and competencies of dairy farmers in Lithuania, Poland and Slovenia. Transformations in Business and Economics, 17(3), 237–257.
     Google Scholar
  7. Freeman, S., Eddy, S. L., McDonough, M., Smith, M. K., Okoroafor, N., Jordt, H., et al. (2014). Active learning increases student performance in science, engineering, and mathematics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(23), 8410–8415. https://www.pnas.org/doi/full/10.1073/pnas.1319030111
     Google Scholar
  8. Gervais, J. (2016). The operational definition of competency‐based education. The Journal of Competency‐Based Education, 1(2), 98-106.
     Google Scholar
  9. Gholami, M., Moghadam, P. K., Mohammadipoor, F., Tarahi, M. J., Sak, M., Toulabi, T., et al. (2016). Comparing the effects of problem-based learning and the traditional lecture method on critical thinking skills and metacognitive awareness in nursing students in a critical care nursing course. Nurse education today, 45, 16-21.
     Google Scholar
  10. Herliana, S., Aina, Q., Sutardi, A., Lawiyah, N., & Ulfah, W. N. (2019). Analysis of the competency on agribusiness activities in developing and developed countries. Academy of Entrepreneurship Journal, 25(3), 1–6.
     Google Scholar
  11. Jonnaert, P., Masciotra, D., Barrette, J., Morel, D., & Mane, Y. (2007). From competence in the curriculum to competence in action. Prospects, 37(2), 187-203.
     Google Scholar
  12. MAAIF (2018). Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries. Descriptions and Person Specifications. https://publicservice.go.ug/download/approved-job-descriptions-for-ministry-of-agriculture-animal-industry-and-fisheries/
     Google Scholar
  13. Mabaya, E. T., Christy, R. D., & Bandama, M. (2010). The current state of agribusiness education and training in Africa (No. 308-2016-5115, pp. 1-21).
     Google Scholar
  14. Molla, A., Peszynski, K., & Pittayachawan, S. (2010). The use of e-business in agribusiness: investigating the influence of e-readiness and OTE factors. Journal of Global Information Technology Management, 13(1), 56-78.
     Google Scholar
  15. Morcke, A. M., Dornan, T., & Eika, B. (2013). Outcome (competency) based education: an exploration of its origins, theoretical basis, and empirical evidence. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 18(4), 851-863.
     Google Scholar
  16. Mulder, M. (2012). Competence-based education and training. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 18(3), 305-314.
     Google Scholar
  17. Opolot, H. N., Isubikalu, P., Obaa, B. B., & Ebanyat, P. (2018). Influence of university entrepreneurship training on farmers’ competences for improved productivity and market access in Uganda. Cogent Food & Agriculture, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2018.1469211
     Google Scholar
  18. Preston, W. P., & Broder, J. M. (1990). Market returns to agribusiness skills and competencies. Agribusiness, 6(1), 1-13.
     Google Scholar
  19. Rethans, J. J., Norcini, J. J., Baron‐Maldonado, M., Blackmore, D., Jolly, B. C., LaDuca, T., et al. (2002). The relationship between competence and performance: implications for assessing practice performance. Medical education, 36(10), 901-909.
     Google Scholar
  20. Udoh, E. J., Inyang, E. B., & Oguzie, B. A. (2017). Dimensions of Entrepreneurial Competencies of Agribusiness Managers in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Athens Journal of Business & Economics, 3(4), 367–382. https://doi.org/10.30958/ajbe.3.4.1
     Google Scholar
  21. Vathanophas, V. (2006). Competency Requirements for Effective Job Performance in Thai Public Sector. Contemporary Management Research, 3(1), 45. https://doi.org/10.7903/cmr.49
     Google Scholar
  22. Wongnaa, C. A., & Boachie, W. K. (2018). Perception and adoption of competency-based training by academics in Ghana. International journal of STEM education, 5(1), 52. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40594-018-0148-x.
     Google Scholar
  23. Yami, M., Feleke, S., Abdoulaye, T., Alene, A. D., Bamba, Z., & Manyong, V. (2019). African rural youth engagement in agribusiness: Achievements, limitations, and lessons. Sustainability, 11(1). https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/1/185
     Google Scholar