Teachers’ Perspectives: Developing Undergraduate EFL Learners’ Critical Thinking Skills

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Adnan I. Abu Ayyash

Abstract

This paper aims to explore EFL teachers’ perceptions of critical thinking (CT), its importance in EFL classes, and its teachability, which aims to develop undergraduate EFL learners’ skills. Not only does it present firsthand information about the teachers’ widespread understanding of CT, but it also analyzes the relevant instructional experience in depth. To provide an objective analysis of the EFL teachers’ conceptualization and visualization of CT skills in a home setting, a questionnaire has been distributed to a sample population of EFL teachers at Birzeit University in Palestine. This measuring tool provides a description of variables that affect implementing CT in class. The paper also tries to defend the need to equip teachers with an unambiguous thoughtful understanding of CT concepts and instructional strategies that develop learners’ ability to think critically. Based on the respondents’ answers, the paper concludes the discussion by confirming that critical-thinking-based instruction should be better practiced in EFL classes.


Keywords: Conceptualization, Critical Thinking, Instruction, Rubrics.

References

Abrami, P. C., Bernard, R.M., Borokhovski, E., Wade, A., Surkes, M.A., Tamim, R., & Zhang, D. (2008). Instructional interventions affecting critical thinking skills and dispositions: A stage 1 meta-analysis, Review of Educational Research, 78, 1102-1134.

Asgharheidari, F. & Tahriri, A. (2015). A Survey of EFL Teachers’ Attitudes towards Critical Thinking Instruction. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 6(2). 388-396, doi: 10.17507/jltr.0602.20

Barnes, D., 1986. Language in the secondary classroom. In D. Barnes, J. Britton, and M. Torbe, eds. Language, the learner and the school. 3rd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin, p.9-78

Beyer, B. K. (1988). Developing a thinking skills program. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Carter, A. (2020). Developing critical thinking skills in the ESL classroom. http://contact.teslontario.org/?s=carter, pp.43-52.

Choy, S. & Cheah, Ph. (2009). Teacher Perceptions of Critical Thinking Among Students and its Influence on Higher Education. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 20(2). 198-206, http://www.isetl.org/ijtlhe/ ISSN1812-9129

Cottrell, S. (2005). Critical Thinking Skills. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd.

Cruickshank, DONALAD. R. (1986). CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS FOR TEACHERS. Teacher Education Quarterly, 13(1), 82–89. http://www.jstor.org/stable/23474716

Duron, R., Limbach, B., & Waugh, W. (2006). Critical thinking framework for any discipline. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 17(2), 160-166.

Ennis, R. (1996) Critical Thinking. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Gandimathi, A & Zarei, N. (2018). The Impact of Critical Thinking on Learning English Language. Asian Journal of Social Science Research, 1(2).

Halpern, D.F. (1998). Teaching critical thinking for transfer across domains: Dispositions, skills, structure training, and metacognitive monitoring. American Psychologist, 53, 449-455.

Karanja, L. (2021). Teaching critical thinking in a college level writing course: A critical reflection. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching (IOJET), 8(1). 229-249.

Kellogg, R. T. (1999). The Psychology of Writing. New York: Oxford University Press.

Liaw, M. (2007). Content-Based Reading and Writing for Critical Thinking Skills in an EFL Context. English Teaching & Learning, 31(2), 45-87

Lin, M. & Xiang, X. (2019). Integrating Critical Thinking into an EFL Writing Curriculum. Chapter. doi: 10.4324/9781315098920-6. pp. 95-130.

Moore, T. (2011). Critical thinking and disciplinary thinking: A continuing debate. Higher Education Research and Development, vol. 30, 3, pp. 261-274.

Quitadamo, I. & Kurtz, M. (2007) Learning to Improve: Using Writing to Increase Critical Thinking Performance in General Education Biology. CBE Life Sci Educ.6(2). 140–154. doi: 10.1187/cbe.06-11-0203

Safriyani R., Ayuningtyas L., Hamidatul N., Erika W. (2020). Critical Thinking in English Academic Essay: Indonesian Teacher’s Voices. DOI: 10.2991/assehr.k.200427.028. Conference: International Conference on English Language Teaching (ICONELT 2019)

Salehi, S. (2019). Critical Thinking as A 21st Century Skill: Conceptions, Implementation and Challenges in the EFL Classroom. European Journal of Foreign Language Teaching. 4, 1, pp.1-16.

Sternberg, R. J., & Williams, W. M. (2002). Educational psychology. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Swoton, Ch. & Kennedy, A. (2019). Unlock 4 Reading, Writing and Critical Thinking. Cambridge University Press. UK.

Yuan, R. & Stapleton, P. (2020). Student teachers’ perceptions of critical thinking and its teaching. ELT Journal, 74, 40-48.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Abu Ayyash, A. I. (2022). Teachers’ Perspectives: Developing Undergraduate EFL Learners’ Critical Thinking Skills. European Journal of Education and Pedagogy, 3(4), 32–35. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejedu.2022.3.4.396