##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

Pupils’ Academic Performance is a challenge in public primary schools in Ndorwa County-Kabale District in Uganda. The research sought for views of different stakeholders in primary education parental roles in pupils’ learning. Specifically, how parents’ support to pupils may be a solution to poor performance of pupils from selected primary schools in Ndorwa County-Kabale District in Uganda. The study used cross-sectional survey design as the basis for collecting and analyzing both qualitative and quantitative data. A sample size of 322 respondents was derived from a population of 2000 using purposive and simple random sampling. The research data got analyzed in form of frequencies, percentages, means, and standard deviations. Qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis, quotations, and thematic analysis. The results revealed that students from highly involved family members significantly outperformed those with family members who were not involved according to scores of PLE, class 7. Furthermore, parental roles had a positive relationship on pupils’ academic performance at school. The low-income levels of some parents and attitudes towards education were the main challenge. In order to reduce pupils’ poor academic performance, the study recommended that, parents’ supportive resourcefulness in conjunction with pupils’ academic performance, government of Uganda should create policies that ensure parental involvement, and community partnership programs to empower parents and support Children’s education. The practice of parents’ supportive resourcefulness in pupils’ studies needs to be in tandem with deliberations from the ministry of education policies, district education officer’s regulations and schools’ administration directives. Parents need to check their contribution to pupils with schools’ advice.

References

  1. Abrams, L. S., & Gibbs, J. T. (2002). Disrupting the logic of home-school relations: Parent involvement Strategies and practices of inclusion and exclusion. Urban Education, 37, 384–407
     Google Scholar
  2. Abraham, L, & Gibbs, J.T. (2000). Planning for change: School-Community Collaboration in Full-Service Elementary School, Urban, Education, 35(1), 79–103.
     Google Scholar
  3. Akampurira, A. (2013). Poverty Scourge in Kihorezo Parish, Kabale District Uganda.
     Google Scholar
  4. Alzen, I. (1985). Theory planned behavior. htt:||en, wikipia.org|wiki|theory of Planned Behaviour.
     Google Scholar
  5. AlSpach, K. (2007). Measured look at uniforms: Alternative to dress code. www.Linkedin.com/.../536.
     Google Scholar
  6. Anfara, A.V. (2008). Parents’ involvement in schooling. Middle school journal, 39 (3), 58–68.
     Google Scholar
  7. Atkison, A. J. (2005). Improving attendance. A resource guide for Virginia schools.
     Google Scholar
  8. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundation of thought action: A social cognitive theory. New Jersey: Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs. Bloom, B.S. (Ed.). Engelhart, M.D., Furst, E.J., Hill, W.H., Krathwohl, D.R. (1956). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Handbook I: The Cognitive Domain. New York: David McKay Co Inc.
     Google Scholar
  9. Boen, W. K. (2014). Selected Social factors influencing parental involvement in class. seven pupils’ homework in public day primary schools of Kaptumo division, Nandi, County Kenya. [Published M. ED these Egerton University].
     Google Scholar
  10. Bogenscschneider, K. (2012). Parental involvement in adolescence schooling: http./www/jstor.org/stable/353956.
     Google Scholar
  11. Bonci, A. (2008). A research review: The importance of families and the home environment, national literacy trust. II Saint Xavier University: Pearson Achievement Solutions, Inc.
     Google Scholar
  12. Branzburg, J. (2011). The innovative educator. www.linkedin.com/in/mbranzurg.
     Google Scholar
  13. Breitenbach, E, C. (2010). The influence of conflict resolution programs on students conducts violations in middle schools with a uniform policy. [Unpublished Dissertation, Western Michigan University].
     Google Scholar
  14. Burruso, S. (1998). The art of total living, an introduction to personal and ethics Nairobi: Pauline Publications.
     Google Scholar
  15. Canadian education Association (2014). Engaging students through effective questions. www.cea-ace.ca/education-canada
     Google Scholar
  16. Case, A. (2008). Why your students do not do homework. New York: Brooklyn.
     Google Scholar
  17. Cohen, L. Manion, L. & Marrison, K. (2005). Research methods in education. London Sage Publications.
     Google Scholar
  18. Coleman, M. & Briggs, A.R.J. (2011). Research methods in educational Leadershi and management. London: Sage Publication Ltd.
     Google Scholar
  19. Collier, J., & Esteban, R. (1996). From complexity to encountering the church and the culture of economism. Harrisburg.
     Google Scholar
  20. Council Vision (2012). “Everyday counts” A strategy for improving school attendance 2013–2017 guiding principles. Htt://www.National archives. Uk/doc/open Government license/.
     Google Scholar
  21. Carib, I. (19920.Modern social theory (2nd Ed). New York: Anthony Rowe Ltd, East Bourne.
     Google Scholar
  22. Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed Methods approaches. London: Sage Publication Ltd.
     Google Scholar
  23. Dave, R.H. (1970). Psychomotor levels in Developing and Writing Behavioral Objectives, pp.20–21. R.J. Armstrong, ed. Tucson, Arizona: Educational Innovators Press.
     Google Scholar
  24. Davis, E. Kremer, M. & Ngatia, M. (2000). The impact of distributing schools’ uniforms on children’s education in Kenya. [Working paper No.35].
     Google Scholar
  25. De Jong, W., & Creemers. (2003). Research on the effects of homework. www.centerforPublic education.org.
     Google Scholar
  26. Deforges, C., & Abouchaar, A. (2003). The impact of parental involvement, parental support and family education on pupil achievements and adjustment. A literature reviews. DFES Research 433.
     Google Scholar
  27. Deslande, R., & Rivas, G. (Eds.). (2008). International perspective on students’ outcomes and homework. Onlinelibrary.Wiley.com/.../pdf.
     Google Scholar
  28. Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and education. Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press.
     Google Scholar
  29. Ssekamwa, J. C. (1997). History and Development of Education in Uganda. Kampala: Fountain Publishers.
     Google Scholar
  30. Epstein.J.L. & Van Voorhis, F. L. (2001). Teachers’ role in designing homework. Educational psychology, 36 (3), 181–193.
     Google Scholar
  31. Farrow, Tymms & Henderson. (2000). Homework and its contribution to learning. University of Leeds.
     Google Scholar
  32. Ferhazzo, L. (2012). Response ways to build trust between parents and teachers. New York: McGraw Hill.
     Google Scholar
  33. Fisherprof (2009 September 4th). The function of school uniforms. https://4tup.wordpress.com/2009/09/04/the-function-of-school-uniforms/.
     Google Scholar
  34. Gentile, E. & Imbermans, S. (2011). Dressed for success? The effects of school uniforms on student achievement and behavior. http://www.nber.org/papers/w17337.
     Google Scholar
  35. Gentile, E. & Scott, A. (2011). The effects of school uniforms on student’s achievement and behavior. Imberman (NBER) working paper No.17337. http//wwn.nber.org/paper/w17337.
     Google Scholar
  36. Gibbsons. W. S. (1963). Great encyclicals. Paulist Press.
     Google Scholar
  37. Giddens, A. Dunieir, M. & Appelbaum, P. R. (2006). Essential of sociology. New York: Norton company, Inc.
     Google Scholar
  38. Goldenstein, S. & Zentall, S. (1999). The importance of homework in your child’s education. (Online extract) Speciality press, Inc.
     Google Scholar
  39. Gorton, A. R. (1983). School administration and supervision, leadership challenges and Opportunities. New York: Brown company publishers.
     Google Scholar
  40. Government of Kenya. (1986). Economic for renewed growth. Nairobi: Government press.
     Google Scholar
  41. Government of Kenya. (2013). The basic education acts. Nairobi: Government printers.
     Google Scholar
  42. Hallams, S. (2004). Student’s perspective on homework: institute of education University of London.
     Google Scholar
  43. Harrow, A. (1972) A Taxonomy of Psychomotor Domain: A Guide for Developing Behavioral Objectives. New York: David McKay.
     Google Scholar
  44. Hatting, A., Aldous, C., Colleen, A., & Rogan, J., (2007 January). Some factors influencing the quality of practical work in science classrooms. African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education.
     Google Scholar
  45. Hein, D.L. & Wimmer, S. L. (2007) Improving homework completion and motivation of middle school students through behavior modification, Homework management. Mississippi State University Red is a famous publisher.
     Google Scholar
  46. Henze, R. (2002). Leading for diversity: How school leaders promote positive Interethnic relations. Corwin press.
     Google Scholar
  47. Hoover- Dempsey, K.V., Battiato, A. C., Walker, J.M.T., Dejong, M, & K.P. (2001) parent involvement in homework. Education Psychology, (36) 195–210.
     Google Scholar
  48. Horgan. G. (2007). The impact of poverty on young children’s experience of school. Ireland your publishing services Ltd.
     Google Scholar
  49. Isreal, G. D. (1992). Determining sample size (Lecture notes). University of Florida.Florida USA
     Google Scholar
  50. Joan, M.T. Walker, Kathleen, V. Hoover-Dempy, Darlene, R. Whestel, Christa, L. & Green, (2004). Parental involvement in homework: review of current research implications for teachers, after school program staff and parents. https://archive.globalfrp.org/publications-resources/browse-our-publications/parental-involvement-in-homework-a-review-of-current-research-and-its-implications-for-teachers-after-school-program-staff-and-parent-leaders.
     Google Scholar
  51. Jupp, V. (2006). The sage dictionary of social research methods. London: Sage publication
     Google Scholar
  52. Karanja J. K., (2005). Factors influencing students’ performance in Kenya certificate of Primary Education in Kajiado District. [Unpublished ME. ED Project University of Nairobi, Kenya].
     Google Scholar
  53. Kariungi. A. W, (2001). An investigation into parental role in school discipline: A study of selected Secondary schools in Nairobi. [Unpublished Master’s Thesis, The Catholic University of East Africa, Nairobi].
     Google Scholar
  54. Kelley, M. L Tony, L. P. Lanclos, N. F. (2003). Comparative effects of Parents Perceptions of homework behavior problems. Child and Family behavior Therapy, 25(1), 35–51.
     Google Scholar
  55. Kerbow, D. & Bemhardt, A. (1993). Parent intervention in the school: The context of minority involvement. Parents, their children, and schools. Boulder, Co: Westview. pp. 115–175
     Google Scholar
  56. Kidane Z. (2002). Parental Attitudes towards Girls’ Participation in Secondary Schools Education in Asmara (Zoba Macheal) City of Eritrea. [Unpublished Master’s Thesis. The Catholic University of Eastern Africa, Kenya].
     Google Scholar
  57. Kigeni, C.J. (2013). An interactive school communication system. Strathmore. University, Nairobi Kenya.
     Google Scholar
  58. Kolb, D.A. (1985). LSI Learning Style Inventory: self-scoring inventory and Interpretation booklet. Boston: McBer and Co.
     Google Scholar
  59. Kothari, 2011). Research methodology: Methods and techniques. New Delhi: New Age International Publishers.
     Google Scholar
  60. Krug, E.G., Dahlberg L.L, & Mercy J. (2002). The world reports on violence. Geneva. www.ncbi.nim.nih.gov/pubmed/12384003.
     Google Scholar
  61. Kuku T.T. (2004). Parental rights and obligations in the education of their children in the light of Canon 793: A case study in the diocese of El-Obeid-central Sudan. [Unpublished Master’s Thesis. The Catholic University of Eastern Africa].
     Google Scholar
  62. Kumar, R. (2005). Research methodology: A step-by step guide for beginners. London: Sage publications.
     Google Scholar
  63. Princewill, T. (2019, September 18th). No nation building without reforming education. Owerri Imo State.
     Google Scholar