Doctoral Studies in the Context of the Bologna Process: Industrial Doctorates in Greece

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Andreas Vasilopoulos

  •   Angeliki Giotakou

Abstract

There is a major shift, recently, in the structure, content and even the very focus of doctoral studies in Europe - both for universities and students themselves. In the context of the Bologna Process, at the Berlin meeting in 2003, ministers responsible for higher education in the Member States agreed to place doctoral studies at the service of the effort to achieve the EU's research objectives, acting as a link between the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and the European Research Area (ERA), with the aim to serving the overarching economic purpose. Accordingly, in this paper, we will attempt, first of all, to highlight recent changes in doctoral studies in Europe and describe the corresponding developments in Greek legislation. Finally, we will focus on a very recent trend concerning doctoral studies in Greece: industrial doctorates


Keywords: Bologna Process, Comparative Approach, Industrial Doctorates, Third Cycle

References

Bao, Y., Kehm, B. M., & Ma, Y. (2018). From product to process. The reform of doctoral education in Europe and China. Studies in Higher Education, 43(3), 524–541. https://doi.org/10/gh4j5w

Bloch, C., Graversen, E. K., & Pedersen, H. S. (2015). Researcher mobility and sector career choices among doctorate holders. Research Evaluation, 24(2), 171–180. doi:10.1093/reseval/rvv004

Cedefop. (2016). Future skill needs in Europe: Critical labour force trends. Luxembourg: Publications Office. Cedefop research paper; No 59.

Crosier, D., Purser, L., & Smidt, H. (2007). Trends V: Universities shaping the European higher education area: An EUA report. https://eua.eu/resources/publications/389:trends-2007-universities-shaping-the-european-higher-education-area.html.

EUA. (2008). European Universities’ Charter on Lifelong Learning. Brussels: European University Association.

EUA-CDE (2016) Doctoral Education: Taking Salzburg Forward - Implementation and New Challenges, Brussels: European University Association.

European Ministers in charge of Higher Education. (1999). The Bologna Declaration of 19 June 1999: Joint declaration of the European Ministers of Education. https://www.eurashe.eu/library/bologna_1999_bologna-declaration-pdf/.

Eurydice. (2021), Greece: Third Cycle Programmes of Studies (Doctoral Degrees), https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/third-cycle-phd-programmes-33_el, accessed in: 01.26.2022.

Gaeta, G. L., Lubrano Lavadera, G., & Pastore, F. (2016). Much ado about nothing? The wage effect of holding a ph.D. Degree but not a ph.D. Job position. Research in Labor Economics, 45, 243–277.

Germain-Alamartine, E. (2019). Doctoral education and employment in the regions: the case of Catalonia, Regional Studies, Regional Science, 6(1), 299-318, doi:10.1080/21681376.2019.1584049.

Germain-Alamartine, E., Ahoba-Sam, R., Moghadam-Saman, S. & Evers, G. (2021). Doctoral graduates’ transition to industry: networks as a mechanism? Cases from Norway, Sweden and the UK, Studies in Higher Education, 46(12), 2680-2695. doi:10.1080/03075079.2020.1754783.

Harman, G. (2002). Producing PhD graduates in Australia for the knowledge economy. Higher Education Research & Development, 21(2), 179–190. doi:10.1080/07294360220144097.

Hasgall, A., Saenen, B., & Borrell-Damian, L. (2019). Doctoral Education in Europe Today: Approaches and Institutional Structures. Survey. European University Association. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED593482.

Isanović Hadžiomerović, A. (2016). Lifelong Learning Provision in Higher Education. In M. M. Žiljak (Ed.). Who Needs Adult Education? (pp. 123-131). Zagreb: Agency for Vocational Education and Training and Adult Education & Croatian Andragogy Society.

Kavasakalis, Α. (2015). Establishing a quality assurance system in the Greek University: Setting up support networks for ideas and values in the University's policy sub-system. Athens: Saita Publications, Scientific Series: Higher Education - Theories, Methodology, Analyses, Interpretations. (Published in Greek).

Kehm, B. M. (2006). Doctoral Education in Europe and North America: A Comparative Analysis. In U. Teichler (Ed.). The Formative Years of Scholars, (pp. 67–78). London: Portland Press.

Kehm, B. M. (2007). Quo Vadis Doctoral Education? New European Approaches in the Context of Global Changes. Manuskripteines Vortrag auf der RIF-EDSE Konferenz Le doctora(n)t en sciences de l’éducation: enjeux, défies, perspectives, Universität Genf, Juni 8/9.

Lazana, E. (2018), Developments in doctoral studies in the European higher education area: composite study and analysis of the reports of the EUA unit ‘Council for doctoral education’ (EUA-CDE), Academia, 12, 109-140.

Manathunga, C., Pitt, R., & Critchley, C. (2009). Graduate attribute development and employment outcomes: Tracking PhD graduates. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 34(1), 91–103. doi:10.1080/02602930801955945.

Mueller, P. (2006). Exploring the knowledge filter: How entrepreneurship and university–industry relationships drive economic growth. Research Policy, 35(10), 1499–1508. https://doi.org/10/cd4xjc.

OECD. (2016). OECD Science. Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016, https://doi.org/10.1787/sti_in_outlook-2016-en.

Sauermann, H., & Roach, M. (2012). Science PhD career preferences: Levels, changes, and advisor encouragement. PloS One, 7(5), 1–9.

Stamelos, G., Vassilopoulos, Α., & Kavasakalis, Α. (2015). Introduction to Educational Policy. Hellenic Academic e-books. (Published in Greek).

Vassilopoulos A, Kavasakalis A & Stamelos G (2020), The Integration of LLL into Higher Education: Non-formal Learning Services Delivery into the Greek HEIs, Academia, No. 18, 224–242.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Vasilopoulos, A., & Giotakou, A. (2022). Doctoral Studies in the Context of the Bologna Process: Industrial Doctorates in Greece. European Journal of Education and Pedagogy, 3(3), 52–58. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejedu.2022.3.3.292